What makes the congo river rain forest biome unique

Albeit from a very low baseline rate, it is experiencing increasing levels of deforestation [ 34 ], in particular around its rapidly urbanizing zones. By focusing on the protection and sustainable use of natural resources, WWF seeks to ensure that the Congo Basin's forest and freshwater ecosystems will continue to be a major source of livelihood improvement for the region's people.

They possess an incredible knowledge of the forest, its animals and its medicinal plants.

Congo rainforest climate

Indeed, one of the key challenges for countries in the Congo Basin is developing their own modern silviculture approaches —strategies to manage forests and tree plantations so they can continue responding to the needs of people, biodiversity and the climate for years to come. The climate of African rainforests is also, on average, much drier than most of the tropics, and therefore more suitable for a greater variety of successful agricultural crops. The World Wildlife Fund for Nature has developed a worldwide map of terrestrial ecoregions, classified into groups such as tropical broadleaf forest, temperate coniferous forest, or mangrove. He believes the new facility, which includes high-end microscopes and tools for radiocarbon dating, will allow African scientists to pursue their studies and guide the sustainable management of forests. Perhaps a rattan chair, a bamboo table, or imported dried fruit? The pattern of low and declining rates of deforestation in African rainforests and particularly in Central Africa is somewhat surprising and warrants further exploration. Tourism fees generate much needed revenue for both the park and local communities. Science , — doi There is a pressing need to rebuild the climate monitoring network in Africa, linking in the weather stations to global reporting networks and integrating with satellite observations. Pharmaceutical uses of NTFPs also generate the most significant revenues. However, modern hunting pressure, driven by increased commercial trade, has resulted in depopulation and local extinction of many larger rainforest mammals. There is also evidence that the tropical African climate is more predictable in the short term seasonal and interannual scale than many other regions because of its strong links to Atlantic and Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures [ 60 ]. In the peak dry season when grasses are yellow, NDVI is likely to be a good proxy for tree cover. Globally, rates of deforestation at the start of this century were around 5.

It has been estimated that over 6. They find evidence of increased dry season NDVI across the north fringes of the rainforest biome, but general loss of greenness in the southern African Miombo woodland regions where there is heavy degradation pressure.

Introduction In recent decades, there has been a surge of interest in tropical forests, as there is increased appreciation of the rich biodiversity they host and the many roles they play in the functioning of the Earth system at local, regional and global scales.

Much of this decline is driven by political instability: for example, only three meteorological stations from the DRC reported to the Global Telecommunication System indespite this country accounting for over half of Africa's rainforests.

Of critical importance is finding platforms and processes that enable sustainable, effective management of African forests and forest resources that operate at multiple scales local to national and accommodate state and traditional values and norms.

Until recently, scientists studying trees in the Congo Basin had to pack up their wood samples and take them to Europe or further afield for analysis.

Congo rainforest deforestation

In Central Africa, much of the lowland rainforest area is apportioned to long-term logging concessions, about 44 million ha [ 39 ]. Spatial patterns and recent trends in the climate of tropical rainforest regions. Can we reliably identify the areas of the rainforest biome most vulnerable to climate change, and manage and plan accordingly to maximize resilience of the biome, its species and its human inhabitants? Such industries bring large groups of people to the forest and with that come their need for food, including bushmeat and fuelwood. Does the until recently pervasive presence of forest elephants, gorillas and other megafauna reduce the number of small stems and increase nutrient availability [ 7 ], and do these factors also explain the difference between higher biomass Central Africa and lower biomass West Africa? Malhi Y, Wright J. However, pre-collapse human impacts in much of Amazonia away from drier fringes and river margins are likely to have been less [ 26 , 27 ] despite some arguments to the contrary [ 28 ]. To protect this important area, we are working to implement low-impact logging practices and leave some areas undisturbed. The ongoing expansion of logging trails into the remotest parts of the African rainforest realm is likely to only intensify hunting pressure and its consequences, as accessible areas have much higher bushmeat extraction than inaccessible areas [ 44 ]. NTFPs are harvested primarily by rural people, but urban dwellers and the African diaspora in Europe and North America sustain market demand for these products. Science , — doi That means the forests and rivers of the DRC—the second largest country in Africa and one of the fastest growing countries in the world—are now on the frontlines. The frequency of the satellites' overpasses enables sufficient collection of cloud-free data, even over the cloudiest regions.

It has also highlighted how little we know and how much there is still to discover. Abernethy et al. In social science research, there is a need to better understand the unique interactions between urbanization, poverty, oil and mineral extraction, economic growth, wood fuel use and agriculture in an African context, and in the particular context of each African country.

Fisher et al.

congo rainforest location

Attention should also be focused on the more rare rainforest formations, such as swamp, montane, inselberg and mangrove forests, as well as the widespread wet and dry forest biomes.

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Top 10 facts about the Congo Basin