Quote in research papers citing

A Patchwork Paraphrase Chase describes how nurses in a critical care unit function in a hierarchy that places designated experts at the top and the least senior staff nurses at the bottom.

How to quote in a research paper apa

Spatt, B. Change the words Use synonyms or a phrase that expresses the same meaning. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: Driblick , in Oobleck If in doubt, be cautious and cite the source. On each shift a resource nurse attends to the functioning of the unit as a whole, such as making sure beds are available in the operating room, and also has a patient assignment. They are the most experienced of all the staff nurses. Some journals,e. A Patchwork Paraphrase Chase describes how nurses in a critical care unit function in a hierarchy that places designated experts at the top and the least senior staff nurses at the bottom. The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. In this case, the focus of the paper is the effect of economic status on children at the turn of the century, so the writer begins with children: Children of the poor at the turn of the century received little if any emotional or intellectual nurturing from their mothers, whose main charge was family survival. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. To mother was to work for and organize household subsistence.

With block quotations, check the guidelines for the documentation system you are using. This will lead naturally to some changes in wording. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Quote in research papers citing

Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. You may look at our general Web page on Documentation Systems, or you may check out any of the following specific Web pages. New York: St. Working for and organizing household subsistence were what defined mothering. Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly. In general, factual information contained in multiple standard reference works can usually be considered to be in the public domain. Ross , in her study of poor and working-class mothers in London from [signal], makes it clear that economic status to a large extent determined the meaning of motherhood [assertion]. The experts — the nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist — are not involved directly in patient care. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. This person oversees the hour-by-hour functioning of the unit as a whole, such as considering expected admissions and discharges of patients, ascertaining that beds are available for patients in the operating room, and covering sick calls. This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. At this stage, you might also break up long sentences, combine short ones, expand phrases for clarity, or shorten them for conciseness, or you might do this in an additional step. For two author papers, give both authors' last names e. The nurse clinician has a separate job description and provides for quality of care by orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and providing direct support where needed, such as assisting in emergency situations.

Common Knowledge? The nurse manager does not directly care for patients but follows the progress of unusual or long-term patients. If in doubt, be cautious and cite the source.

Academic writing: Exploring processes and strategies 2nd ed.

how to cite a research paper in a paper

Working for and organizing household subsistence were what defined mothering. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal. A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska.

Within the staff nurses is a hierarchy of seniority in which the most senior can become resource nurses: they are assigned a patient but also serve as a resource to other caregivers. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al.

The resource nurse is not only a caregiver but a resource to the other caregivers.

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Quoting and Paraphrasing