How to write literature review for master thesis

Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature. This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text.

How to write a literature review for dummies

I pointed out gaps in our knowledge and cutting edge results emerging in our fields. The few attempts that have been made have tended to focus on evaluating the process rather than the outcomes e. Next, you think about any gaps in the research or literature you have used, and finally, you write your review using all the preparation and information gathered in the steps prior. Instead, try to paraphrase quotations and only use direct quotes if it really helps to illustrate your argument. What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. Determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of your topic. Similarly, if there are some studies that you will be referring to more than to others, it would be useful to give them a full report and critique at this stage. Is there a scholar that agrees with your view? In other instances, identifying the gap is an indication of good critical analysis and can score you extra points.

Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading: What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define?

You may also want to make a clear decision about whether to start with a very narrow focus and work outwards, or to start wide before focussing in. Related Study Guides are: Referencing and bibliographiesAvoiding plagiarismWriting a dissertationWhat is critical reading?

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How to write literature review for master thesis

If you are required to record and present your search strategy, you may be able to include the technical details of the search strategy as an appendix to your thesis. In a research paper, the literature review forms the basis of the research — it helps to highlight any research gaps as support for a new argument or insights you intend to provide. Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question s. They may already have copies of articles that you can work with. The Literature Review connects your ideas to the ideas in your field. Plagiarism Plagiarism is regarded as a serious offence by all Universities, and you need to make sure that you do not, even accidentally, commit plagiarism. Nevertheless, there are some essential steps that apply across all disciplines and that you should ensure you follow: Do not simply describe the opinions of writers Analyse, analyse, analyse, and ensure that your analysis is critical what have the writers missed; where does your opinion sit with theirs, etc. Structure As with any piece of extended writing, structure is crucial. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. Content of the Literature Review The Literature Review must be well structured , and your ideas must flow logically from one point to the next. Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written.

The body of your literature review will include an in-depth discussion of the academic sources you have chosen to review. Something you jot down in the early stages of collecting articles might even make it into your final paper.

What is a literature review?

history dissertation literature review example

Stakeholder participation for environmental management: a literature review. In other scenarios, a literature review may also provide an assessment of a source and inform a reader about its validity, pertinence and relevance to the research subject.

You can find the contact details for the Information Librarian for your own area via the Library web pages. If you attend a conference or workshop with a wider group of people, perhaps from other universities, you can take the opportunity to ask other attendees for recommendations of articles or books relevant to your area of research.

To help you choose your sources appropriately, you might want to think about the parameters and objectives of your research.

how long should a literature review be for a research paper

Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field.

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Doing a literature review