Essay writing on population explosion in india

population explosion essay

Decreased production and increased costs: Food production and distribution have not been able to catch up with the increasing population and hence the costs of production have increased.

There arise excessive demands for finished products leading to over-industrialization and over-utilization of resources.

Essay on population explosion for class 9

Our nation is mostly active dependent on the government of India, how they treat and solve the problem of India. Lack of awareness regarding methods of family planning. Economic factors, i. They generate the high birth rate in India, which can cause and effect of Population Explosion. The result is lack of transportation, communication, housing, education, healthcare etc. This was later rechristened as the Family Welfare Programme. Some major impacts of high population are as follows: Unemployment: Generating employment for a huge population in a country like India is very difficult. Inflation is the major consequence of over population. Decreased production and increased costs: Food production and distribution have not been able to catch up with the increasing population and hence the costs of production have increased. Food security is another area that needs attention. Causes of Over Population The two main common causes leading to over population in India are: The birth rate is still higher than the death rate. Unemployment rate is thus showing an increasing trend. Thus, it will be seen that it is the high birth rate as compared to low death rate, which is the main cause of population explosion in India. Also hunger can be cause of death of their children and hence the need for more children. It has been proved that there is a direct relation between illiteracy and fertility; vi Superstitious beliefs and myths that a male child is a must for salvation, social security and continuation of the family tree; and vii Misconceptions that the use of birth control measures lead to diseases, defects or general weakness.

In theory and practice, the total available resources are shared by the people using them. Some feel that more children are needed to look after them in their old age.

Long essay on population

Lack of recreational facilities due to poverty. Naturally any development plan made for one person cannot be adequate for three. Major steps which have been already implemented but still need to be emphasised more to control population. The fertility rate due to the population policies and other measures has been falling but even then it is much higher compared to other countries. After all that, they lose their confidence in searching for the job. The age composition of our population is also not favourable. Overpopulation not only leads to but also perpetuates poverty. Though population explosion is a major problem being faced by several other countries too, with the world population estimated to reach 7 billion by the beginning of the 21st century, the problem is much more severe in India because of the increasing pressure on the limited resources of the country.

Under such conditions a high growth of population adds to the burden of our economy. The government is still trying to aware to people for family planning campaign. Still further, if we consider that a high portion of those who are engaged in some type of work or the other are not technically trained and fall in the category of unskilled labour, we shall realise that our productive capacity is quite low.

causes of population explosion

Along with this the decreasing death rate is also one of the reasons for population explosion. The government also starts the program of family planning in Causes of High Birth Rate: 1.

essay on population explosion for class 8

With employment opportunities in the rural areas becoming scarce, population explosion is resulting in increasing migration of rural poor to the urban areas in search of jobs.

Inspite of the fact that the population policies, family planning and welfare programmes undertaken by the Govt. The government made this awareness, at the central and state to think about adopting an official program to educate opinion and reduce the birth rate so that the Population can fit in well with the evolving pattern of developing country.

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Essay On Population Explosion • English Summary