An overview of the causes of the civil war in united states during the 19th century

civil war causes and effects

In the meantime Union armies and river fleets in the theater of war comprising the slave states west of the Appalachian Mountain chain won a long series of victories over Confederate armies commanded by hapless or unlucky Confederate generals.

When Abraham Lincoln won election in as the first Republican president on a platform pledging to keep slavery out of the territories, seven slave states in the deep South seceded and formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America.

Industry vs. Southerners took such restrictions as a direct affront to their regional honor and a threat to their social and economic survival. The American Civil War was the largest and most destructive conflict in the Western world between the end of the Napoleonic Wars in and the onset of World War I in Whenever I speak to groups about the Civil War, I am reminded that slavery and the war are often separated in the public mind.

Bleeding Kansas The first fighting over the slavery issue took place in Kansas. Cotton succeeded tobacco on the throne much later. The agricultural economy was certainly one cause of the Civil War, but not the only one.

As the war drew to a close, but before the southern states were re-admitted to the United States, the northern states added the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution.

Political causes of the civil war

However, as years went by, the North, particularly New England, had developed cotton mills of its own—as well as leather and harness manufactories, iron and steel mills, arms and munitions factories, potteries, furniture makers, silversmiths and so forth. Many people in the north and the south believed that slavery was immoral and wrong, yet the institution remained, which created a large chasm on the political and social landscape. Fact Many Civil War battlefields are threatened by development. The northern determination to contain slavery in the South and to prevent its spread into the western territories was a part of the effort to preserve civil rights and free labor in the nation's future. Urban vs. His arm was amputated, and he died from pneumonia eight days later. Private armies of "filibusters," composed mainly of southerners, even tried to invade Cuba and Nicaragua to overthrow their governments and bring these regions into the United States as slave states. Also in July , Union forces under Ulysses S. The American Civil War was among the earliest industrial wars. Lee 's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg. Enlarge This political cartoon captures Senator Henry S. Despite contradictory orders from Lincoln and Halleck, McClellan was able to reorganize his army and strike at Lee on September 14 in Maryland, driving the Confederates back to a defensive position along Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburg. The Civil War had begun. Library of Congress But the Compromise of compensated the South with a tough new fugitive slave law that empowered Federal marshals, backed by the Army if necessary, to recover slaves who had escaped into free states.
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Out of War, a New Nation