In fact, as Fagles and Knox point out p. Only now does Odysseus reveal and prove his true identity to his wife and to his old father, Laertes.
For this sacrilege, they were punished by a shipwreck in which all but Odysseus himself drowned. He is being held captive on the island Ogygia by the "bewitching nymph" 1. Dactylic hexameter, epithets, and epic similes became conventions of epic poetry after The Iliad and The Odyssey.
The journey of Odysseus from Troy to Ithaca takes ten years — the same amount of time that the Trojan War itself lasted.
Disguised as Mentes, an old friend of Odysseus, Athena counsels Telemachus. His adventure-filled ten year journey took him through the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and as far away as Egypt and North Africa and the western Mediteranean, as the displeased sea-god Poseidon prevented him from reaching his home.
Advised once more by Circe on the remaining stages of their journey, they skirted the land of the Sirens, passed between the many-headed monster Scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis, and, blithely ignoring the warnings of Tiresias and Circehunted down the sacred cattle of the sun god Helios.